According to the National Transplant Center, in Mexico there are more than 21 thousand people registered pending an organ or tissue for transplant. Among them the heart transplant is one of the most complex. But before you think about who will give your heart when you die think about how good your life can be as long as you live, the best heart is that of someone happy so if you do not die during your youth you can go in your life for assisted living Tijuana Mexico.
The main condition for which a heart transplant is performed is heart failure. Once this disease is confirmed, other aspects of the patient’s heart should be verified, for example, if it has a reduced work capacity.
Conditions that lead to a heart transplant
Heart transplantation is the substitution of a diseased heart for a healthy one that comes from a donor with brain death, this surgery must be done by a cardiac surgeon. The first human heart transplant was performed in 1967 and currently, in the specialty of Cardiology, are performed routinely around the world, including Mexico.
Heart failure, which is defined as the heart’s inability to pump blood and meet the body’s needs, is the main condition for which a heart transplant is needed. This disability can be due to multiple causes such as high blood pressure (high blood pressure), myocardial infarction, heart murmurs and cardiac arrhythmias. The main non-cardiac causes are severe anemia and problems in the thyroid gland, having a history of having suffered some type of cancer and having received chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
The main symptoms of heart failure
Shortness of breath when making physical effort such as climbing stairs, walking on level ground or walking on slopes.
Shortness of breath at bedtime and the need to use complementary pillows to continue reclining.
Swelling of feet, ankles or even legs.
Sensation of fullness (feeling full) immediately after the ingestion of food or drinks.
Lack of appetite.
Severe dizziness, confusion or fainting
Candidates to receive a heart transplant
Once the presence of heart failure has been confirmed in a person, the following should be documented:
Heart capacity to work less than 35%.
Deterioration of your health status due to the presence of severe symptoms such as lack of intense air or suffocation when performing a light physical effort, being receiving a maximum tolerated medical treatment, that is, the pills are no longer tolerated or not working.
Have a life expectancy of less than 50% a year.
Presenting severe angina that limits daily activities and that can not be corrected by coronary artery bypass or percutaneous coronary intervention.
Presence of recurrent symptomatic severe ventricular arrhythmias and refractory to all therapeutic options